The Camargue delta was formed by the battle between the sea and the different beds of the Rhône which have left alluvial deposits there for thousands of years. Agriculture has prospered here since the 19th Century, following the damming of the Rhône.
The Camargue is made up of several different ecosystems, all of which are fragile.
SALTWATER LAGOONS dotted with ponds and reedbeds that are a source of food for migrating birds in winter and nurseries for many sea fish.
WETLAND PRAIRIES which are a refuge for many wild plants often very rarely found elsewhere in France. These prairies are flooded by freshwater.
ANCIENT SAND DUNES created by the sea along the coast and by the various beds of the river. This is the home of the Les Embruns vines, on this land that has been deforested and flattened. Here the sand is very uniform, made up of silica sand and tiny fragments of limestone seashells scattered by the wind, and at least 90% is almost completely devoid of clay and silt. The marine influence is obviously very strong.
The earth is limited agronomically by an expanse of saltwater situated at a depth of 60 to 80cm. Therefore, the roots of the vines spread out on the superficial layer of the earth.